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“The EU budget at the centre of the Recovery Plan. NGEU, MFF and Own Resources: New intersections between the competences of the EP and national parliaments?”
22 February 2021

Framing question:  What would be the most efficient steps to make progress on the EU road map for new own resources?

Cyprus opposes the potential extension of the Emissions Trading Scheme to aviation and maritime sectors, as well as the introduction of a Financial Transaction Tax and a Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base. Cyprus is a remote island country with a small economy and would be adversely affected by such developments. 

The proposals for new own resources should primarily undergo thorough impact analysis in advance, in order to ensure that competitiveness in each Member State is safeguarded, bearing also in mind the new economic realities. In this regard, the possible extension of the EU Emissions Trading System to maritime and aviation should respect the island character of Cyprus and adhere to Article 174 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU.[1]

At the same time, tax-based own resources, such as a Financial Transactions Tax or a Common Corporate Tax Base, should be designed to promote sustainable growth and development in all member states. This requires a thorough assessment of their effects in the economic, social and environmental dimensions, while ensuring a fair regional distribution of the tax burden.

[1] Article 174: In order to promote its overall harmonious development, the Union shall develop and pursue its actions leading to the strengthening of its economic, social and territorial cohesion. In particular, the Union shall aim at reducing disparities between the levels of development of the various regions and the backwardness of the least favoured regions. Among the regions concerned, particular attention shall be paid to rural areas, areas affected by industrial transition, and regions which suffer from severe and permanent natural or demographic handicaps such as the northernmost regions with very low population density and island, cross-border and mountain regions.